A guide that is free Essay UK
Adjectives and Adverbs
Definition – Adjectives are words that describe nouns or pronouns. They might come prior to the word they describe (This is certainly a lovely puppy.) Or they may follow the expressed word they describe (That puppy is cute.).
Adverbs are words that modify everything but nouns and pronouns. They modify adjectives, verbs, along with other adverbs. A word is an adverb if it answers how, when, or where.
The adverbs that are only cause grammatical problems are those that answer comprehensively the question how, therefore we will focus on these.
He speaks slowly.
Answers the relevant question how.
He speaks very slowly.
Answers the question how slowly.
Generally, if a word answers the question how, it really is an adverb. It, place it there if it can have an ly added to.
She thinks slow/slowly.
She thinks how? slowly.
She is a slow/slowly thinker.
Slow does not answer how so no ly is attached. Slow is an adjective here.
She thinks fast/fastly.
Fast answers the question how, therefore it is an adverb. But fast never has an ly attached with it.
We performed bad/badly.
Badly describes exactly how we performed.
A particular ly rule applies when four associated with senses – taste, smell, look, feel – would be the verbs. Try not to ask if these senses answer fully the question how to ly determine if should always be attached. Instead, ask in the event that sense verb has been used actively. If so, use the ly.
Roses smell sweet/sweetly.
Perform some roses actively smell with noses? No, so no ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily.
Did the woman actively look with eyes or are we describing her appearance?
We have been only appearance that is describing so no ly.
The woman looked angry/angrily at the paint splotches.
Here the woman did actively look with eyes so the ly is added.
She feels bad/badly concerning the news.
This woman is not feeling with fingers, so no ly.
Your message good is an adjective while well is an adverb answering the question how.
You did a good job.
Good describes the work.
You did the job well.
Well answers how.
Today you smell good.
Describes your odour, not the way you smell together with your nose, so follow because of the adjective.
You smell well for someone with a cold.
You might be actively smelling with a nose here so follow with the adverb.
When referring to health, use well always.
Examples i actually do not feel good.
That you don’t look well today.
You may use good with feel when you’re not referring to health.
Personally I think good about my decision to master Spanish.
A common error in using adjectives and adverbs arises from using the wrong form for comparison. For example, to explain one thing we would say poor, such as, “this woman is poor.” To compare a few things, we ought to say poorer, as in, “She is the poorer associated with the two women.” To compare a lot more than a couple of things, we have to say poorest, as with, “She is the poorest of these all.”
- More effective*
Three or More
- Most efficient *
*Usually with words of three or more syllables, don’t add -er or -est. Use more or most right in front for the words.
Never drop the ly from an adverb with all the comparison form.
She spoke quickly.
She spoke more quickly than he did.
She spoke quicker than he did.
Talk more quietly.
When this, that, these, and people are followed by nouns, these are generally adjectives. When they appear without a noun following them, these are typically pronouns.
This house is actually for sale.
It is an adjective here.
This can be on the market.
This will be a pronoun here.
This and that are singular, whether they are increasingly being used as adjectives or as pronouns. This points to something nearby while that points to something “over there.”
This dog is mine.
That dog is hers.
This is certainly mine.
That is hers.
These and those are plural, if they are being used as adjectives or as pronouns. These points to something nearby while those true points to something “over there.”
These babies have been smiling for a time that is long.
These are mine.
Those babies have already been crying all day.
Those are yours.
Use than to show comparison. Use then to resolve the relevant question when.
I might rather go skiing than rock climbing.
First we went skiing; then we went mountain climbing